The cosmopolitan, roaring Limassol, which is full of life all year round, has become the new home to many people who have moved to Cyprus. Limassol is especially popular among the Russian-speaking residents of Cyprus and immigrants from the former Soviet Union. What attracts here the visitors from all over the world?
The history of Limassol
Limassol is located between the two ancient cities of Cyprus – Curium and Amathus. More likely, the city was founded, when Richard the Lionheart destroyed Amathus (XII century). But the settlement at this place existed since ancient times. Here they have found graves, dated back to the second millennium BC. The few remains, are the evidence of the existence of a small colony, which did not manage to develop.
Ancient authors didn’t write any single word about Limassol. In 451 BC, Sotir Feodosia with the bishops of Amathus and Arsinoe, participated in the founding of the city. In the X century, the city was called Nemesos and under this name, it was mentioned by Constantine Porphyrogenitus.
The history of Limassol is closely associated with Richard the Lionheart, who put an end to the Byzantine domination in Cyprus. After the refusal of the governor of Cyprus Isaac Comnenus,- who hated the Latins-, to help Richard’s bride, Berengaria of Navarre and to support the English king with the crusade, Richard was furious, so he seized the island and destroyed the ancient city of Amathus.
Limassol has been flourishing for three hundred years (from 1192 to 1489), because its harbor was a trading and transportation center, which allowed to make a large contribution to the culture and financial development of Cyprus.
In 1489, the island was sold to Venice, which was not interested in Cyprus, but only wanted to get more taxes and to “squeeze” natural wealth. Half a century later, Limassol’s castle was destroyed. In the same period, the travelers began to write about the sorry state of local people.
After the Turkish invasion in 1570, Limassol was devastated and burned. It became more like a village with a large number of residents. Christians began to settle in the lower house construction, so to enter that, one had to entitle. This was done, especially, in order to prevent the Turks entering the house on horseback.
A new era of prosperity for Limassol came to the island, after the arrival of the British. The first governor of Limassol, Colonel Warren, took a special interest in the city and sought to improve its appearance: on his order, roads were repaired, animals from the center were removed, and they have planted trees and built docks. The British, opened here for the first time a post office, a hospital and a telegraph, and in 1880, the first printing press was launched.
After the division of the island in 1974, a lot of Greek Cypriots from Famagusta moved in Limassol. When Ammochostos, which was one of the major tourist centers in Cyprus, turned out to be on the territory of the unrecognized state, Limassol began to evolve rapidly.
The present and future of Limassol
Now Limassol is considered as one of the business and cultural centers of Cyprus. Large companies that do business on the island and abroad, have opened their offices in Limassol,. Here one can find the best restaurants in Cyprus and the most luxurious hotels, and moreover, organizers of exciting events, select Limassol for their entertainments.
Here, you will not be bored at any time of the year, even in winter. When Ayia Napa and Protaras are almost extinct, Limassol is full of life. This is due to the fact that many foreigners are working or living in Cyprus.
Limassol is especially popular among the residents of the former Soviet Union. That’s why there are numerous of Russian schools, kindergartens, shops with Russian food, bookstores with literature in Russian and many other things that make life easier, being away from the usual things.